10. Calculation of Gas Flow in High-Altitude Engine Nozzle and Experience of Using Water-Cooled Nozzle Head during Tests

10. Calculation of Gas Flow in High-Altitude Engine Nozzle and Experience of Using Water-Cooled Nozzle Head during Tests

Nikitenko K. A.

Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Dnipro, Ukraine

Kosm. teh. Raket. vooruž. 2018, (2); 83-93
https://doi.org/10.33136/stma2018.02.083
 
Language: Russian
Annotation:
At Yuzhnoye State Design Office, the Cyclone-4 launch vehicle 3rd stage engine has been developed and is under testing. For adjustment of the engine and test bench systems, in the first firing tests the radiation-cooled nozzle extension was replaced with a steel water-cooled one. It was planned to start the engine with water-cooled nozzle extension without vacuumizing and without gad dynamic pipe, which conditioned operation with flow separation at the output edge of water-cooled nozzle extension. Therefore, the calculation of flow in the nozzle with water-cooled extension, flow separation place, and thermal load on watercooled nozzle extension during operation in ground conditions is an important task. Selection of turbulent flow model has a noticeable impact on prediction of flow characteristics. The gas dynamic analysis of the nozzle with water-cooled extension showed the importance of using the turbulent flow model k-ω SST for the flows with internal separation of boundary layer and with flow separation at nozzle section. The use the flow model k-ω SST for calculation of nozzle with flow separation or with internal transitional layer allows adequately describing the flow pattern, though, as the comparison with experimental data showed, this model predicts later flow separation from the wall than that obtained in the tests. The calculation allows obtaining a temperature profile of the wall and providing the recommendations for selection of pressure measurement place in the nozzle extension for the purpose of reducing sensors indication error. With consideration for the special nature of the nozzle extension wall temperature field, the cooling mode was selected. The tests of RD861K engine nozzle with water-cooled extension allow speaking about its successful use as a required element for testing engine start and operation in ground conditions without additional test bench equipment.
Key words: turbulent flow, flow separation, cooling, technological extension.

Bibliography:

1. Massiet P., Rocheque E. Experimental Investigation of Exhaust Diffusors for Rocket Engines. Investigation of Liquid Rocket Engines. М., 1964. P. 96-109.
2. Mezhevov A. V., Skoromnov V. I., Kozlov A. V. et al. Introduction of Radiation Cooling Nozzle Head of Made of Carbon-Carbon Composite Material on DM-SL Upper Stage 11D58M Main Engine. News of Samara Aerospace University. No. 2 (10). 2006. P. 260-264.
3. Fluent. Software Package, Ver. 6.2.16, Fluent Inc., Lebanon, NH, 2004.
4. Wilcox D. C. Turbulence Modeling for CFD. DCW Industries, Inc. La Canada, California, 1998. 460 р.
5. Andersen D., Tannehill J., Platcher R. Computational Hydromechanics and Heat Exchange: in 2 volumes М., 1990. 384 p.
6. Rodriguez C. G., Culter, A. D. Numerical Analysis of the SCHOLAR Supersonic Combustor, NASA-CR-2003-212689. 2003. 36 р.
7. Rajasekaran A., Babu V. Numerical Simulation of Three-dimensional Reacting Flow in a Model Supersonic Combustor. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 22. No. 4. 2006. Р. 820-827. https://doi.org/10.2514/1.14952
8. Spalart P., Allmaras S. A one-equation turbulence model for aerodynamic flows: Technical Report. American Institute of Aero-nautics and Astronautics. AIAA-92-0439. 1992. Р. 5-21. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.1992-439
9. Launder B. E., Spalding D. B. Lectures in Mathematical Models of Turbulence. London, 1972. Р. 157-162.
10. Rajasekaran A., Babu V. Numerical Simulation of Three-dimensional Reacting Flow in a Model Supersonic Combustor. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 22. No. 4. 2006. Р. 820-827. https://doi.org/10.2514/1.14952
11. Ten-See Wang. Multidimensional Unstructured Grid Liquid Rocket-Engine Nozzle Performance and Heat Transfer Analysis. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 22. No. 1. 2006. 21 р. https://doi.org/10.2514/1.14699
12. Hyun Ko, Woong-Sup Yoon. Performance Analysis of Secondary Gas Injection into a Conical Rocket Nozzle. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 18, No. 3. 2002. Р. 585-591. https://doi.org/10.2514/2.5972
13. Wilson E. A., Adler D., Bar-Yoseph P. Thrust-Vectoring Nozzle Performance Mode-ling. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 19, No. 1. 2003. Р. 39-47. https://doi.org/10.2514/2.6100
14. Gross A., Weiland C. Numerical Simulation of Hot Gas Nozzle Flows. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 20, No. 5. 2004. Р. 879-891. https://doi.org/10.2514/1.5001
15. Gross A., Weiland C. Numerical Simulation of Separated Cold Gas Nozzle Flows. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 20, No. 3. 2004. Р. 509-519. https://doi.org/10.2514/1.2714
16. Deck S., Guillen P. Numerical Simulation of Side Loads in an Ideal Truncated Nozzle. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 18, No. 2. 2002. Р. 261-269. https://doi.org/10.2514/2.5965
17. Östlund J., Damgaard T., Frey M. Side-Load Phenomena in Highly Overexpanded Rocket Nozzle. Journal of Propulsion and Power. Vol. 20, No. 4. 2004. Р. 695-704. https://doi.org/10.2514/1.3059
18. Goldberg U. C. Separated Flow Treatment with a New Turbulence Model. AIAA Journal. Vol. 24, No. 10. 1986. Р. 1711-1713. https://doi.org/10.2514/3.9509
19. Golovin V.S., Kolchugin B.A., Labuntsov D.A. Experimental Investigation of Heat Exchange and Critical Heat Loads at Water Boiling in Free Motion Conditions. 1963. Vol. 6, No 2. p. 3-7.
20. Mikheyev М. А., Mikheyeva I. M. Heat-Transfer Principles. 2nd edition stereotyped. М., 1977. 343 p.
21. Kutateladze S. S., Leontyev A. I. Heat-Mass Exchange and Friction in Turbulent Boundary Layer. М., 1972. 341 p.

Full Text (PDF) || Content 2018 (2)